What is Fat Removal Surgery?
The liposuction method, which is known as fat removal surgery among the people, can be described as the removal of fats that accumulate in certain parts of the body and cannot be destroyed by any means. Generally, it is a procedure performed in people who cannot dissolve their fat in certain areas despite their general health and diet and exercise as necessary. It is aimed to correct the disproportionate image in the body and get rid of this abnormal accumulation of fat.
Who May Have Fat Removal Surgery?
When it comes to fat removal surgery, people may think of performing a surgical operation for slimming or mass weight loss. However, liposuction, namely liposuction, is an operation performed by those who want to get rid of the fats that accumulate in certain parts of the body and create a disproportionate image, although there is no problem in their general health and they can lose weight. It is an operation that can be performed on anyone who does not have any systemic illnesses, who is not pregnant or who is not pregnant. It is not correct to perform liposuction only to lose weight or lose weight massively. First, diet and exercise should be removed from these weights and then this method should be used for fats that cannot be melted with these factors. However, apart from these, liposuction method can be applied to patients who want to get rid of their excess fat in the regional sense, as long as there is no health and age barrier.
Fat Removal Surgery Methods
Although there are several methods that can be applied for fat removal surgery, these methods are as mentioned below.
Laser technique is one of the widely used methods for fat removal surgery. Its contents and varieties are also mentioned below.
Laser lipolysis is one of the methods recently known as the most preferred method of degreasing. Laser lipolysis method, which is a slightly different method from classical liposuction methods, is a more practical and simpler method than surgical methods, and it is the center of attention. In liposuction method, fat is vacuumed with the help of channels. In the laser lipolysis method, the fats in the region are melted by using laser instead of these channels. Then these melted and liquefied fats are discharged out of the small incisions opened.
Laser liposuction method is different from lipolysis. From laser liposuction, it is broken down by waves emitted using laser energy. The cannula, which is the old classical method, is used to remove these broken fats out of the body. The fat, which is broken down by cannulas, is vacuumed and discharged from the body. This process is called laser liposuction.
Vaser Technique (Ultrasonic Sound)
Another method used for fat removal is vaser technique, namely ultrasonic sounds. The types and details of this technique are also mentioned below.
Vaser (Ultrasonic) Liposuction
In other words, lipoculpture, namely vaser (ultrasonic) liposuction, is one of the safest, permanent and fast fat removal methods. The difference that distinguishes this method, which helps remove fat from the body, from other methods is that it can be used in all parts of the body. This method can be used on all parts of the body, including the face area. Another feature is that if the patient needs this, the whole process can be completed in a single session. It is possible to burn up to 10 liters of fat in one go using the ultrasonic liposuction method.
Non-Surgical Fat Removal Methods
Apart from laser liposuction and vaser (ultrasonic) liposuction, there are some methods that can be used to remove fat without any surgery. These methods and details are as mentioned below.
Cold lipolysis is one of the fat removal methods applied to get rid of the body fat without any surgical intervention. With this method, the fat accumulated locally under the skin is frozen with the help of a device. Frozen fats enter the process of apoptosis. The apoptosis process can also be described as programmed cell death, ie, loss of function of fat cells. In this way, fats can be destroyed irreversibly.
Cavitation is a method used to provide regional slimming without any surgical intervention. Sound waves are used to solve problems such as kidney stones. Just like it breaks the kidney stone, it also helps break down fat deposits. It can be applied in areas such as waist, belly and leg and can take approximately 7-8 sessions. Although a different result is obtained in each session, close to two cm thinning can be achieved. At the end of all sessions, up to 10 cm thinning is observed.
How Is Fat Removal Surgery Performed?
With liposuction, which is a fat removal operation, the fats in the body are drawn with thin cannulas connected to a vacuum device. By entering the body through a small hole, only fats are absorbed without damaging the muscles, veins or nerves. The duration of the operation may vary depending on the fats in the person’s body and the region where the fat is located. Before the procedure, general or local anesthesia is applied to the person according to the fat rate. Small cuts are stitched in the designated areas after liposuction. Due to the small cuts opened, some doctors may leave the wound open instead of stitching. Dressings are made on the sutures. After the procedure or during the procedure, special corsets or bandages are put on the patient.
In Which Clinics Can Fat Removal Surgery Be Performed?
Fat removal surgery is performed in many private clinics. There are also clinics opened specially for the common liposuction procedure. Fat removal surgery can also be done in public hospitals. The price of the fat removal process varies according to the region to be made.
Who is in the Fat Removal Surgery Team?
Aesthetic surgeons perform fat removal surgery. Besides the plastic surgeon, he is an anesthesiologist and assistants.
Hospital Conditions for the Operation
Successful results are obtained if fat removal surgery is performed with a team of experts. For this, the hospital where the surgery will be performed should be clean and sterile.
Do I Need a Companion?
The liposuction procedure is a simple operation for the patient. It varies from 1 hour to 3 hours depending on the fat to be taken and the patient is discharged on the same day. However, depending on the severity of the operation and the current condition of the patient, the patient can be given another 1 day of hospitalization. During this period, a companion can be found at the request of the patient.
Is Intensive Care Needed?
The patient does not need intensive care since the removal of fat is not a difficult operation.
Is Anesthesia Needed?
If the fat removal operation to be performed is in a single area, local anesthesia is applied. General anesthesia method is used in large-area procedures to be performed in more than one region.
Devices Used in Surgery
Vacuum tool is used to remove excess fat in the areas determined by liposuction. It is entered under the skin with special cannulas used.
Fat Removal Surgery Prices
Fat removal surgery prices vary according to the method to be used, the age of the patient, the anesthesia method to be used, the amount of fat to be taken from the patient, additional treatments and the hospital where the operation will take place. In order to find out the operating prices, an examination is required first.
Before Liposuction (Fat Removal Surgery)
Although a certain amount of weight is lost through diet and sports, fats in certain parts of the body do not go away. In such cases, liposuction procedure called fat removal surgery is performed. If the person’s skin quality is good, it can be easily applied and successful results are encountered. If the skin is sagging or cracked, stretching surgery is appropriate. There is no age limit in liposuction application. Before the operation, the psychological status of the patient should be evaluated and a detailed talk should be made with the patient about the results. In the direction of evaluation, the possibility of not achieving successful results should also be considered. If the expectations are not met, the operation should not be performed. If an operation was passed before the operation, the information should be given to the doctor. It should be discontinued 3 weeks before fat removal surgery if losing weight or using antidepressant drugs. In order to determine the areas to be treated, the regions where the fat will be removed while the patient is standing are drawn according to their ratios. Anesthesia method to be used for surgery is decided by determining the procedure area.
The patient should undergo some tests before liposuction. It is important to perform the examinations completely to determine the operation process and to learn the general condition of the patient.
Anesthesia is applied to continue the operation safely and to avoid pain. The method of anesthesia varies according to the size of the area to be taken fat. With the anesthesia techniques used, the risks that can be seen in the surgery are reduced. Anesthesia is done by the anesthesiologist and anesthesia control should be done before the application. Firstly, an anesthesiologist evaluates the general health of the patient. With the evaluation to be made, information about the patient’s allergy status, drug use, drug allergy, and disease status, if any, is obtained. If a surgical procedure has been performed before, information should be given. At the same time, information is given about the method of surgery and anesthesia. It is important to share information with the doctor if there are drugs that trigger bleeding among the drugs currently used by the patient. The use of drugs that trigger bleeding can be stopped under the supervision of a doctor or the dose of the drug may be reduced.
Tests for evaluation are performed before anesthesia. The tests required include lung film, blood count, liver and kidney function tests. Other tests may be ordered if required.
A blood test is performed with hospitalization. Before anesthesia, anesthesia evaluation is performed by performing a blood test. If there is no problem in the evaluation made by the specialist, the operation continues.
Measurements and Imaging
Measurements and imaging tests are performed before the operation. Regions to be taken are determined and their measurements are made. Surgery is performed with the specified imaging.
Urinalysis is performed before surgery and possible situations are evaluated. With urinalysis, kidney function and infection risk are evaluated.
Smoking and Alcohol Consumption Before Surgery
In order for the operation to be successful, attention should be paid to cigarette and alcohol consumption. If smoking is used, it will be appropriate to discontinue use prior to degreasing surgery. Alcohol and smoking affect tissue healing. Leaving it at least 2 weeks before surgery positively affects the post-procedure and is also useful in anesthesia.
Sharing the Medicines Used with the Physician
The information of the drugs used should be shared with the doctor. The use of blood thinners, vitamins and herbal medicines should be discontinued before the procedure.
Examining the Treatments Received by the Physician
Treatments received before liposuction or if an operation has been passed, the doctor should be informed. In line with the information, an examination is made by the attending physician and the most accurate treatment is chosen.
Preparation of Operation and Reconciliation with the Patient
If there is no problem as a result of evaluations and examinations, an operation plan is started to be prepared. The method of the surgery, the method of anesthesia to be used, the day and time of the surgery are decided. Details and results of the method to be used are shared with the patient and agreed, if appropriate.
The patient needs to be physically ready for surgery. At the same time, his psychology should be ready. Psychology is an important factor in the success rate of the surgery. As a result of the tests carried out, it is almost certain that the appearance will be after the operation. Patients do not encounter a surprising end with the developing surgery and this situation increases the psychology of the patients.
Things to Do Outside the City
It will be easy for the patients coming from outside the city to stay in the areas close to the hospital where the surgery will take place. Depending on the frequency of examinations and controls, it may be necessary to come to the hospital. He may be discharged on the same day as he does not need to stay in the hospital for the operation. The process of being discharged may vary depending on the patient’s condition.
Preoperative Nutrition and Diet
If a nutrition and diet program is given to the patient by the dietician before the operation, these should be followed. Regular and balanced nutrition of the patient is important for this period. In addition, drinking water should not be neglected.
After Liposuction (Fat Removal Surgery)
If liposuction is performed under local anesthesia, the patient’s standing time is shortened. After resting for a while, the patient is discharged on the same day. If the fat removal procedure is performed on a large scale, the effect of general anesthesia will be long-term and the patient will stay in the hospital one day. The corset, which is dressed after the operation, has a 2-month usage period. The patient may experience mild pain after surgery, and pain medications given by the doctor should be used. Drowsiness and swelling can also be seen. These effects are short-lived.
The patient is hospitalized on the specified day. The vascular access is opened with the patient’s hospitalization and a calming needle is given if the patient is excited or stressed before the procedure. Surgery is performed with the specified surgery and anesthesia method.
After the fat removal surgery, mild pains can be seen with the medications given to the patient. Pain medications to be given by the doctor should be used for pain that may be experienced. Complications may occur because a different painkiller can cause blood to be watered. The pain can be seen on the day after the procedure and a few days.
The patient stands up immediately after the operation performed under local anesthesia. After resting for 2-3 hours, you can walk with the help of a person. In the operations performed with general anesthesia, the patient wakes up late.
The procedure to be performed does not constitute a problem in the patient’s mobility. Only the person’s movements are somewhat restricted. It is important that the patient avoids sudden movements in the first days. He can walk with help 2-3 hours after surgery and meet his needs.
Painkillers written by the doctor should be used regularly. Apart from this, side effects can be seen in drugs used unconsciously. Pain relievers should be used only when there is pain, not continuously. If antibiotics are given against the risk of infection, it should be used regularly to be effective.
Dressing and Doctor Checkup
Stitches are not required for small incisions made during surgery. In case of stitches, the stitches are removed after 5-10 days. While being discharged, a control chart is prepared by the nurse and controls are made according to this schedule.
Nutrition and Diet
Diet list given before surgery can be continued. If the doctor has also prescribed a diet, this should be followed.
The effects of the operation performed after the operation are not immediately visible. Patients must be patient for this. With the disappearance of edema, bruises and swelling, the outcome of the surgery begins to become clear. Complete recovery takes approximately 6 months. This process can be psychologically corrosive. It should be remembered that the effects of the surgery appear over time.
In procedures performed using local anesthesia, the surveillance period is short-term according to the condition of the patient, since the patient will come to himself more quickly. General anesthesia is also kept under surveillance until the patient recovers. After the patient is awakened, he is discharged according to his condition.
Risks, Side Effects, Complications
As with any surgery, liposuction (fat removal surgery) also has some risks, side effects and complications. The side effects and complications that can be seen are generally short-lived. The situation that can be seen in general is that the desired result cannot be achieved. In this case, additional treatment may be required.
The fat that occurs in the body does not occur due to fat. The fact that the fat cells are constantly active, that is, their efficiency is high, causes sagging. Fat cells, not fats, are taken with liposuction. All of the fat cells are not removed. Fats are removed from areas that cause distress in the body, reducing the effectiveness of other cells. Decreased efficacy also decreases the production of fat, and regreasing is not observed after the fat removal operation. The fat cells that remain in the body continue to work, and a certain amount of sagging may occur. There is a low probability of this situation.
It is natural that bruises form in the areas where the operation takes place. Too much bruises has to do with the loosening of the structure of the person’s skin, low corset usage, bleeding tendency or drugs used. The formation of bruises can vary from person to person, and these pass in patients seen within 1-2 weeks.
In addition to bruises, edema, swelling also occurs in the patient after the operation. Edema formed after liposuction decreases in 1-3 months and disappears completely in about 6-12 months.
The risk of infection is very rare after the fat removal surgery. No infection is observed as long as the wound is kept clean and antibiotic is used after the operation. Increased sensitivity and increased temperature in the wounded area can be signs of infection. In such cases, a doctor should be consulted.
Allergic reactions are rare. Local reactions can be seen as a result of the materials (patch, suturing material and topical preparation). Systemic reactions to certain drugs used during the operation are more serious. In cases of such an allergic reaction, additional treatment is required to the patient.
The local and general anesthesia methods used have some risks. These risks are generally small scale. In some cases, small areas of the lungs may experience closures. In case of closures, the risk of lung infection arises. In this case, respiratory physiotherapy and antibiotic use are required.
Blood and fluid accumulation called seroma can be seen after the operation. To prevent this, attention should be paid to the use of corset after the procedure. In case of blood and fluid accumulation, additional surgery is required to drain the fluid.
Liposuction procedure is a very popular plastic surgery operation all over the world. It is very important for the postoperative liposuction surgery, which is generally performed on the abdomen and hips, by a team of experts. The smallest mistakes that can be made during the operation pose great risks for the patient. One of them is organ failure. Mistakes can also damage the patient’s internal organs.
Inequality in Body Contours
After the operation, inequality can occur in the body contours. After the person does not get the results he wants, surgical procedure can be performed again.
Skin or Nerve Damage
Fats are taken safely and quickly with liposuction. After the procedure, complications and risks can be seen with low probabilities. The likelihood of complications of skin or nerve damage is also very low.
Pigmentation imbalance can be seen after surgery. This is unlikely. If encountered, additional treatment is required.
Formation of Fat and Blood Clots
Situations where fat and blood clots are formed are usually seen when liposuction and other surgery are performed together. Pain and swelling may occur as a result of blood clotting in the legs. The clots that are formed can reach the lungs via blood circulation from where they are located with a low probability. In this case, life-threatening occurs. As a result of this rare complication, additional treatment is required.
With new techniques and thin cannulae, the risk of bleeding is considerably reduced. There are leaks normally seen in the patient within 24 hours after the operation.
Heat and Thermal Injuries
Depending on the surgical method used, heat and thermal injuries can be seen. In ultrasonic fat removal surgery, ultrasound injuries may occur.
Color changes can be observed in the areas where the operation is performed after the operation. This condition develops due to bleeding inside the skin. Color changes complication is temporary.
After liposuction, some patients may experience asymmetry complications. The skin loses its regularity and asymmetry problem occurs. This condition is frequently encountered in elderly patients. In some cases, it can be seen as a result of losing weight after the operation. In case of an asymmetry complication, additional treatment is required.
Since the scars in the areas where the surgery is performed are not visible, they are not certain. With the healing of the wounds, the majority of scars disappear.
Fluid Loss, Fluid Collection
During the liposuction process, fluid loss is experienced in addition to fat loss. Fluid loss should be such that it does not shock the patient. In case of excessive fluid loss, fluid and blood transfusions are performed via the vein. If fluid is collected, additional treatment is required to drain the collected fluid.
Rough, Flexible Skin
The results of the aesthetic surgeries performed vary from person to person. It is necessary to wait for a certain time to see the precise results after the operation. If there is a rough area after the operation, retouching is performed. It is necessary to wait at least 6 months for the rough parts to be corrected.
Long Term Problems
Long-term problems may occur after liposuction surgery. The problems that can be seen in the long term are unsatisfactory results. It is a common complication that can be seen after surgery. If the result is not satisfied, additional treatment can be done. Anesthesia complications and fat embolism can also be encountered as long-term problems.
Things to pay attention
There are some points that the patient should pay attention to after the operation. No matter how successful the surgery is, postoperative care is also very important. The patient’s recovery time is faster by paying attention to the care of the wounds.
Taking a Shower
After the operation, a warm shower can be taken the next day after the procedure, unless the doctor says otherwise. Continuous use of corset is not an obstacle to bathe. Putting drains during the surgery is not an obstacle to showering. After the shower, it is necessary to carefully dry and wear the corset again.
After the operation, depending on the condition of the patient, he can drive a car. For this, the doctor should be consulted first.
Travel by Plane
There is no harm in the patient traveling by plane after the operation. Information can be obtained from the doctor before travel.
Wait 1 week after surgery for sexual intercourse. It is important that the patient does not tire himself during this period. Information can be obtained from the doctor before sexual intercourse.
Do not pull up heavy thing
The patient should not lift heavy for a while after the operation. Movements that will force yourself should be avoided and attention should be paid. In situations such as heavy lifting, leaks may occur.
There may be some limitations in the patient’s mobility after surgery. The reason for this situation is that the application area is sensitive and pain is experienced. Sudden movements should be avoided after the operation.
Antibiotic medication can be given against the risk of infection. It is important to use the antibiotic regularly. In addition, pain medications are given for pain that can be seen after surgery. It should be used when the pain is seen. No other medication should be used other than painkillers prescribed by the doctor.
It is inconvenient to take a steam bath after a fat removal operation. The patient should not take a steam bath for 6 weeks after the operation.
Hot – Cold Applications
After the operation, the patient should not come in contact with too cold or too hot water. Warmth should be preferred as the ideal temperature.
Like the steam bath, the solarium is harmful to the patient. It should not be entered to the solarium for 6 weeks after the operation.
Sunbathing is another issue to be considered, which is harmful for the patient. Sunbathing, steam bath, sauna and solarium cause swelling and damage of healing tissues.
Tattoo – Piercing
The doctor should be consulted first to get tattoo and piercing after liposuction fat removal surgery. After detailed information, it can be made according to the patient’s health.
Use of Special Bandages and Corsets After Surgery
Particular attention should be paid to the use of special bandages and corsets dressed after surgery. It should be removed during the time the doctor says. It is generally used for 2 months. Serious bruises can be seen if corset and bandage use is not regular. At the same time, recovery is delayed.
Postoperative Skin Care
After the liposuction application, problems such as swelling, edema or bruising may appear on the skin. Apart from paying attention to these, there will be a process of self-recovery of the skin. If the skin is normally tense, alive and especially if the patient is young, the skin does not need much care. However, if the skin is not normally too tight or alive, the patient can determine and apply a routine skin care concept that the doctor has suggested, if any, until the effect of the surgery is felt. Apart from that, no extra skin care is required.
Weight Loss After Surgery
Although the main purpose of liposuction applications is to eliminate the abnormal accumulation of fat in the body, a serious weight reduction will be observed after surgery. The amount of this weight reduction varies according to the region where liposuction is applied. If the accumulated fat accumulation is high, the weight lost will increase.
It is necessary to pay attention to what kind of sports and exercises after the operation, how long, and how often they should be done. These situations are discussed in more detail below.
In the first postoperative period, the patient should turn to lighter sports. Especially for the first month, he should stay away from heavy sports and take short-term and low-paced walks. If the patient is professionally interested in sports, after the surgery, he should talk to his doctor and find out when he can return to routine sports habits.
It is necessary to avoid heavy sports for at least one month after the operation. It is very important to be careful in such matters, as the patient will be weaker and more sensitive in terms of mobility during this period.
Fitness is not among the sports that the patient can do immediately after liposuction. As mentioned above, the patient should continue sports habits with walks for the first month and stay away from heavy sports until full recovery is achieved.
For Pilates, the patient must wait at least a week. After the liposuction application, the patient is asked to perform up to 25% of the normal sports routine. However, this much will be suitable for the patient. The patient will also be eligible for pilates after the 3rd week of the healing process.
Swimming is also an activity that the patient will have difficulty. However, after the 10th day of surgery, it can also return to activities such as swimming, provided that it is not very long and fast. But still, doctor control and permission is important.
Personal Nutrition and Diet Practice After Surgery
It is also necessary to be very careful after the operation in order to prevent recurrence of fats such as fat accumulation and liposuction after liposuction. For this reason, the doctor will prepare a suitable nutrition and diet program for the patient. It is important for the patient to comply with this program and make this diet a habit. The more careless about nutrition, the greater the risk of accumulation of fat.
Doctor checkups are an important issue after any operation. This issue is also very important after liposuction. Doctor’s checkups are important for the doctor to observe whether or not a full efficiency can be obtained from the operation, to prevent complications that may occur during the recovery process, to perform the routine checkups and follow-up of the patient, and many other issues. It is necessary to go to the doctor’s checkups as determined and not to neglect this matter. Doctor checkups have a very important place in the healing process.
Although the length of the healing process varies according to the region where liposuction is applied, the things to be considered and the risks are almost the same. The patient should wear a corset for two months and strictly follow the advice on nutrition, and sports. On average, the recovery period is one month. However, the healing process and shaping process changes. The patient will be able to return to his normal life after a month, but it takes up to 6 months for the body to take shape.