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The main element that makes the skin texture look stretched, beautiful and compatible with bone structure is the connective tissues that develop as a result of genetics and genetics. The low stretch of these connective tissues allows the person to have a youthful appearance for long periods of time. Essentially, they are not in the form of individual bonds, but in the form of a network under the skin tissue that provides the connection with the bone structure.
From birth, this network tissue begins to develop rapidly. From the middle ages, it gains flexibility depending on genetic and environmental factors. Although this flexibility seems to be a good thing, it is essentially the main factor that leads to the emergence of the aging effect. Today, the place where aesthetic concerns are common is the facial region. Even if people have problems with their weight, they pay maximum attention to their facial beauty. Cosmetic products are used from an early age, regardless of gender. In cases where cosmetic products do not work, non-surgical facial rejuvenation methods are tried. In other words, firstly cosmetic methods and then non-surgical methods are tried to make the face tense and good looking. In fact, if these methods are applied at a young age, it is quite effective. It is possible to survive all of the middle ages until the fifties with non-surgical methods. However, since the fifties, non-surgical methods do not work. It starts to fail to produce the effect it promises in return for the costs it incurs. At this point, surgical facelift methods are involved.
The facial tissue is quite special. Often, it is not possible to talk about a wholesale face sagging or wrinkling before reaching the fifties. Sagging and wrinkles occur following the mimic lines. It is very easy to intervene with non-surgical methods or light surgical methods. However, all these methods are applied taking into account a certain amount of wear. In other words, since the non-surgical methods are permanent for a year, the operation is repeated every year. And every repetition brings with it a little more of the effect. If the effect and material burden are disproportionate, face lift surgery (FaceLift – classical face lift surgery) is applied.
Face lift surgery (FaceLift – classical face lift surgery) can be applied with various methods. In selecting the method, the patient’s age, skin condition, sagging level, gender, genetic characteristics, areas of sagging, and other problems accompanying sagging are very important. In other words, face lift surgery can be performed with methods that vary from patient to patient. Generally, it is possible to talk about classic face lifting operations, mini face lifting operations and endoscopic face lifting operations.
The success of the operations is relative, since all of these surgeries, which are aimed at stretching and rejuvenating the face, are applied based on aesthetic concerns. However, it is possible to say that face lifting operations have been very successful for patients who can express themselves well, describe their expectations and are reasonable.
Since the facial area is the largest area that can not be covered with clothing or other accessories, the planning stage can be separated from the operations where the whole body is taken into account when performing the operations. In other words, it is possible to perform an aesthetic operation only on the facial area.
With the failure of cosmetic methods and non-surgical methods, that is, it does not have a youth effect, the use of surgical methods becomes essential. This surgical method is also called face lift surgery. Facelift surgery is a miracle type of aesthetic surgery that has the capacity to affect the entire face and can rejuvenate people for at least ten years if applied. It is generally applied as a last resort to provide facial aesthetics.
Gravity, excessive use of chemicals, having genetically weak connective tissues affect the tension of the face. With the weakening of the connective tissues, sagging is observed at the mimic lines and then on the chin, cheeks and forehead. This effect, which appears as a wrinkle at the beginning, increases rapidly since the forties, if no intervention is made. Face lift surgery is also aesthetic surgery method that aims to intervene in connective tissues artificially. In the face area, interventions are performed on the connective tissues with the help of incisions opened to the invisible parts. Afterwards, these incisions are closed with aesthetic techniques and the facial skin of the patient is stretched.
It is the type of surgery that affects the appearance and social position of the person most among all facial aesthetic operations. Unlike some other methods, it is also very successful in permanence. After the operation, the skin of the face is not held under pressure, and if the recommendations are strictly followed, a rejuvenation effect of up to fifteen years can be seen.
In patients who apply to face lifting operations, if there is no sagging due to a serious genetic problem, patients are usually in their early fifties. In other words, the ratio of patients under this age to resort to face lifting operations is low. After the patient applies to his doctor with relevant complaints, examinations are performed. Following these tests, which reveal the current condition of the patient, it is started to choose the most appropriate method to solve the patient’s problems. No doctor is a method fan. He is in charge of searching and finding methods that will please his patient. After the patient is deemed suitable for face lifting surgery, the preparation process is started. The operation begins with the successful completion of the preparation process.
General anesthesia is applied to the patient during the operation. In other words, the patient is completely asleep during the operation. A tiny pain doesn’t feel you. The patient is put to sleep immediately after being taken to the operating room for operation and is disconnected from the outside world.
– Afterwards, the regions to be cut with a black pencil are drawn in accordance with the planning before the operation.
– According to the method to be used, a surgical incision is made only from the ear or a larger area including the ear. This incision is quite aesthetic. It is made from the least visible areas in the face area. The incision is continued from the anterior part of the ear, the back of the ear, and the scalp of the forehead.
– After opening the incision, the connective tissues are hung on the membrane tissues of the bones with special threads. Afterwards, the skin is pulled and the excess is cut, if any.
– Aesthetic sutures are closed.
– By placing a drain in the closed area, fluid accumulation is prevented.
– Depending on the nature of the operation, other aesthetic surgeries combined with the face lift operation, the duration of the face lift surgery can vary from four to seven hours.
The implementation process of the operation is generally like this. However, each face lift operation is different. The slightest change in the patient’s condition, differences in facial anatomy and some other factors can radically change the process of the operation. The best information on how to perform the surgery will be obtained from the surgeon who plans the operation.
The person should make a choice after noticing the sagging on the face and applying to the doctor for the purpose of aesthetic surgery. When making the choice
– The state of the sagging,
– Permanence of surgical intervention,
– Comfort in the healing process,
– It should consider factors such as the risk of complications. Although people generally have facelift operations that affect the entire facial area, mini facelift surgeries that may cause changes in all of the above factors may also be preferred. In fact, it is possible to say that mini face lift surgeries are more popular nowadays.
Mini face lift surgeries are applied to interfere with sagging in the lower area of the face. It is preferred to have more naturalness after the procedure, but it can be performed in cases where sagging is less. It is advantageous that only an incision is made in front of the ear for the operation. Also, the recovery time is very short. It is unlikely that any complications will occur during and after surgery. Nevertheless, the permanence of the operation is half of the normal facelift surgeries.
The advantages of mini face lift surgeries can be listed as follows:
– As the operation is simpler, its fee is also suitable.
– The risk of complications is very low, none of the usual problems that occur after classic face lift surgeries occur after mini face lift surgeries.
– The order of operations is very short. This provides psychological relief.
Aesthetic surgery can be applied to anyone who wants, as long as there is no hindrance. In face lift surgeries, the required facial skin is sagging. Because performing surgical intervention in the absence of sagging is also quite meaningless.
The sagging that causes face lift surgery begins to develop since the thirties. Although this development is slow at first, it increases rapidly after the forties. Throughout this process, factors such as protecting the face from external factors, using chemical products, taking excessive hot showers ensure the effect to be accelerated. It is quite difficult to solve the sagging, which we can call the effect of aging, from the age of fifties with non-surgical methods. The main reason for this is irreversible problems occurring in the tissues.
It is possible to apply to face lift surgery from the beginning of the fifties. However, this does not mean that patients at a lower age cannot be operated. If there is sagging, there is no age-related obstacle in front of the operation. When the data on patients who underwent surgery are examined, it is seen that seven out of ten patients are female and three are male. The main purpose is to provide the effect of rejuvenation.
People who cannot provide rejuvenation effect with non-surgical methods, who provide sufficient conditions for surgical intervention, and who can pay attention to facial health in the post-operative period, should apply to face lift surgeries if they desire long-term rejuvenation effects.
The fact that face lift surgeries are applied for aesthetic purposes and it is seen as the ultimate solution in ensuring the aesthetics of the face is effective on prices. Although there are dozens of different factors that determine the prices of facelift surgeries, the fact that a special operation is planned for each patient prevents a clear price. Generally, the factors affecting face lift surgery prices can be listed as follows:
– The method by which the patient will be treated is the main factor in determining the prices. The price of a face lift surgery, which will affect the entire face, is more than the price of a mini face lift surgery.
– Whether or not some other aesthetic operations will be performed to the patient together with the operation also affects the price.
– The hospital conditions where the operation will be performed, the team performing the operation and the surgeon in particular are also effective on the prices.
– Many of the materials used in face lift surgeries are imported from abroad. Exchange rates can also increase and decrease prices.
Face lift surgeries are quite serious aesthetic interventions that affect the entire face. However, the whole face does not become aesthetic after the operation is performed. Some extra surgical or non-surgical interventions need to be performed in some specific areas. The fact that the defects in this area are more visible after stretching the facial skin makes the relevant interventions mandatory.
When planning face lift surgeries, other operations that will be needed are also determined. In general, filling procedures, eyelid surgery, cheekbone surgery and lip surgery are performed. According to the situation, chin and neck aesthetics can also be applied. How the face is evaluated is important in choosing other aesthetic methods applied with face lift surgery. It is necessary to consider the face as a whole, with all its elements. The facial area will look much younger, especially with interventions to the midface area. While the main purpose of the combined operations is to provide general facial aesthetics, the secondary purpose is to provide more youth effect.
Neck Lift Surgery
Face lift surgeries are performed from the upper face area. With this operation made through the incisions opening to the ear and forehead, the face skin is raised up and back. With the operation, the lower face area is also made aesthetic, but problems may arise in the food and neck areas. Essentially these existing problems are becoming more visible. Since the aesthetic of the face and the bad appearance of the neck are not acceptable, stretching can be done in the neck area.
Stretching applied for neck is not a standard practice. It is applied only to patients who need it and want it. The skin is tightened with incisions made from the invisible parts of the neck. Excess skin is removed and the incisions are closed to accommodate the face area. As a method, it is no different from face lift surgery.
The sagging and loosening of the face largely depends on the connective tissues, the muscles to which the connective tissues are attached. In some patients, the tension of the face may decrease due to reasons such as excessive tension and failure of the operation. In other words, one hundred percent success cannot be achieved after the operation. This is a very rare problem that can develop for many reasons.
After the desired result can not be achieved with face lift surgery, the patient can have a botox procedure to make the face look younger and to pull the muscle tissues upwards. At least six months must have passed after facelift surgery before Botox can be applied. Although the amount of toxin used in botox procedures to be made after face lift surgery is very low, the effect is great. As the face is already greatly stretched, specific points that do not stretch are applied.
Even though excess skin is removed and the face is stretched with face lifting, no intervention is made on the surface of the skin. Skin texture, which carries the fatigue and weariness of years, may be in an aesthetic appearance even after face lifting surgery. The main reason for this is that the skin surface is very worn. This wear does not occur in every person, but it should be intervened when it occurs.
Wearing can have three different stages. Superficial, medium depth and deep wear. The way to peel off the damaged and contaminated skin structure and allow a new skin surface is through chemical peeling. The structure of the chemical to be used in the procedure changes according to the depth to be applied.
The procedure can be done approximately three months after face lifting operations. In a session lasting about ten minutes, it is applied in a number that varies according to the patient’s skin structure. Organic acids are applied to the skin of the face, waiting for a while and then removed. In this way, many problems that make the skin aged are eliminated. Before applying chemical peeling, the surgeon who performs face lift surgery should be consulted.
The face elasticity is interfered with the elasticity of the skin. The skin, which has become very elastic over time, is collected again and the excess is removed. However, within the operation, if it is not planned, no extra intervention occurs on the skin surface. If the patients undergoing face lift surgery are generally considered to be in their fifties or more, the skin surfaces will be estimated to be relatively worn. Although there are many ways to eliminate this wear, one of them is facial mesotherapy.
Facial mesotherapy targets the factors that make the face look pale, tired, unhappy and tearful. The contents created according to the skin’s deficiency are injected under the skin with special tip needles. Related substances stimulate the flow of blood in the area, making the face look younger. It is possible to support the rejuvenation effect provided by face lift surgery with face mesotherapy. Face mesotherapy can be done approximately three months after face lift surgery.
The aging face begins to lose its contents. The tissues that normally make the face look plump melt due to many effects. After stretching the skin of the face with face lift surgery, pitting may be observed in some areas. In addition, it may be desirable to make some areas extra full. The only way to perform such operations is filling procedures.
Some substances in the natural structure of the body are artificially produced and given to the area to be filled with the help of special injectors. Substances increase the water collection capacity under the skin so that a plump appearance is obtained. After face lifting operations, filling procedures can be performed to make the cheekbone more prominent, to remove other pits on the cheek and to make the lips fuller. Like all extra procedures, filling can be performed without any problem three months after face lifting surgery.
This period can be determined according to the condition and needs of the patient. Examinations are performed in order to understand the patient’s face type, physical features, and adequacy for surgery in the period before surgery. Oral interviews are conducted to understand the needs of the patient and to meet these needs with the most appropriate method.
There are many procedures in the period until the surgery, including showing the patient how the face will become through simulation. The period before surgery is very important for the recovery process to be comfortable and short after the operation. It was observed that patients who did not have a productive period before the operation and did not listen to the doctor’s recommendations improved much longer after the operation, and the results of the operation were less permanent.
The main purpose before face lifting operations is to stretch the facial skin that is sagging and wrinkled, and to remove excess facial skin while stretching it. However, the face type and desires of each person are different from each other. For this reason, it is very important to choose the model that is the most suitable for the person. It is possible that the patient will be much happier after the operation with the correct selection.
An oral interview is made with the person’s desire to see a doctor. First impressions of how the patient’s wishes will be met are also obtained in this meeting. A physical examination is then performed to evaluate the patient’s facial anatomy. The physical examination phase is very short. After determining that the face lifting operation is the most suitable method, tests are performed on the suitability of this surgery which takes quite a long time.
Tests applied before face lift surgeries are standard. It is exactly the same as the tests performed before any surgical operation. Tests are applied to the patient’s blood values, hormone values, whether there is a disease that prevents surgery. The presence of infectious disease is sought and if it is absent, it is concluded that the patient is suitable for the operation.
The time between applying and eligibility usually does not exceed one week. After the decision of conformity is made, the preparation and planning phase is started.
Every patient’s face type and need for face lift are at different levels. While some patients’ face is completely sagging, in others, only the chin area is sagging. In some patients, the midface area is more problematic. After deciding on face lift surgery, it is also necessary to decide how to correct the patient’s face type in the planning phase. Where and how to intervene to which parts of the face is determined.
For this purpose, mini face lift surgery, classic face lift surgery or endoscopic face lift surgery can be performed. In addition, other aesthetic interventions to be performed in addition to the face lift operation are also planned at this stage. Most of the time, interventions suitable for the patient’s face type are simulated with a computer and shown to the patient and their approval is obtained.
The duration of face lift surgeries is between four and six hours. When we consider the operation time, face lift surgery can be said to be one of the most important operations. There are many points to be considered before the operation in order to guarantee the results of this serious operation and to reduce the risks. The clearest information will be given by your surgeon, as different elements may also appear depending on the structure of your body. However, the things to be considered as standard are:
– Smoking has a serious effect on tissues. Cessation of smoking is important in determining recovery times, removing tissue damage and the success of the operation. One month before the operation, smoking should be stopped completely, if possible, it should not be started again after the operation. In patients who continue to smoke, the recovery period is up to fifty percent. It was observed that the permanence of the face lift surgery decreased by half. In addition, smoking should be completely stopped before the operation. It is recommended not to use alcohol for two months after the operation. After two months, it is allowed to consume a glass of daily.
– Make-up should be discontinued completely from a week in advance, so that the contamination is zero during the operation and the preparation period for the operating room before the operation is short. Chemical cosmetics should not be used especially in the areas where the incision will be made.
– After the operation, dressings appear even though the incisions are located in the invisible parts. It would be beneficial to hide these dressings with hair in the process of adaptation to social life. For this reason, it is not recommended to cut the hair before the operation. In other words, dressings can be hidden with long hair.
– As before, after the operation, there is a limitation on the use of make-up and hair dye. It is not recommended to dye the hair for a month or two after the operation. This is necessary for the hygiene of the seams and the area. If you are not satisfied with your hair color, you need to dye it before the operation.
– Operation is performed by opening surgical incisions. So there is bleeding in the area. Not consuming blood-thinning medications and foods before the operation is needed. It is also recommended to limit the consumption of vitamin E.
– If there is a drug that is used continuously and affects blood values, it should be reported to the doctor before the operation. If necessary, the use of these drugs can be completely prohibited or their doses can be changed.
The preparation process in general is like this. In a standard patient, there is no other matter to be considered in addition.
Face lift surgeries are the longest operations performed in plastic surgery. The reason is that the facial area is very important and the slightest mistake will have serious consequences. Upon completion of the patient’s preparations in the period before the operation, the transition to the day of operation is made. After the last checkups of the patient, he is operated, and the patient stays in the operating room for four to seven hours, depending on the situation. During the surgery, three procedures are made that will affect the period after surgery. The first of these is stretching the skin, the second is stitching and the third is draining. All this affects the course of the post-operative process and determines the patient’s behavior.
It is concluded that the operation was successful by successfully eliminating the problems that may arise on the day of surgery and by paying maximum attention to those who need attention.
The patient must be hospitalized after the operation. For this reason, it is recommended to bring a companion with him, although he can see his own business. If there is no problem in the patient’s condition, in case of risk and complication, the patient is hospitalized in the operating room until the problem is resolved.
The patient who will enter face lift surgery completely cuts the food consumption from the night before the operation. After their hospitalization in the morning, their final checks are made and the patient is operated. After the completion of the operation, if there is no problem, the patient’s stitches are dressed and taken to the rest room. There is no intensive care after face lift surgery. The patient has a drain to prevent fluid from accumulating in the suture areas. In addition, the dressings applied do not hinder the view. They are applied as polite and beautiful looking as possible. The three-day period after the operation is critical.
Since face lift surgery is performed for aesthetic purposes, the preparation period before the operation is quite long. Thanks to keeping this period long, precautions can be taken against any kind of surprise situation. Unless there is an extreme situation in face lift surgeries where all the precautions are taken, performed in a good hospital environment, and the surgeon performing the specialization, it is unlikely that any complications will occur. Today, many face lifting operations are performed in our country, and five of them have complications.
The process after face lifting operations proceeds very clearly. There are effects expected to occur in the patient. These include bruising, edema, swelling and redness. In addition, if you do not pay attention to the points that need attention, low level complications such as bleeding may occur. The most dangerous complication is the damage to nerve tissues.
The only factor that can cause the risk of bleeding during and after the operation is high blood pressure. In order to prevent this risk, blood pressure measurements are made continuously before, during and after the operation. In addition, all kinds of factors that can increase the patient’s blood pressure are eliminated. In addition, a drain is placed to relieve bleeding that may occur under the skin in case of mild high blood pressure. Despite all this, if there is excessive bleeding and the blood cannot be evacuated, the appearance of the skin may deteriorate. It is possible to talk about enlarged rashes in front of the forehead and ear, especially the incision areas. If such a problem is encountered immediately after the operation (within three to four days), a doctor should be consulted. In addition, the risk of bleeding is largely controlled and eliminated during drain removal.
The occurrence of bleeding can occur independently of the sutures or can occur depending on the seams. You will be advised to protect the area from trauma after the operation. If you do not comply with this or open the stitches in any way by making sudden movements, bleeding will be noticed from the outside. In this case, a doctor should be urgently applied.
Since face lifting surgeries are performed for aesthetic purposes, the stitches thrown after the operation should not leave marks. For this reason, the stitches used in face lifting operations are very special. As the number of stitches is already kept to a minimum, the trace is unlikely to remain, but it is still not zero.
Depending on the presence of tissue damage, excessive sensitivity of the skin, no cessation of smoking, a full or partial scar may be encountered in the incision area. These scars can be removed with a small correction surgery done about three months after face lift surgery. Nevertheless, it will be more beneficial to ensure that these traces are not removed and to take precautions for this.
There are no problems with the blood supply of the face after face lifting operations. The risk of infection in the bloodied areas is low, but not zero. If the hygiene is not observed after the operation or antibiotic treatment is disrupted, infection may occur in the incision areas. This infection manifests itself as pain and pain without cause, and if not intervened, it jeopardizes the results of the operation.
In the presence of suddenly developing pain a few days after the operation, the infection should be suspected and the doctor should be consulted. After the procedure, the treatment is quite simple and is carried out with antibiotics.
In face lift surgery, it is necessary to open a suitable path in the scalp and make an incision in order to pull the face skin up and back. Hair loss can be encountered in the area where the incision is made. Because this is not a predictable complication, the specialist’s level of expertise is very important. Hair loss generally does not pose a serious appearance problem, however, it is imperative that maximum care is taken for the scalp during the operation.
Perhaps the most dangerous complication of facelift surgeries is nerve damage. During the operation, intervention is performed on the areas where various nerve tissues pass. These tissues, which need to revive after the anesthetic effect passes under normal conditions, may be dysfunctional due to various reasons. These states are likely to be permanent as well as temporary. After performing a face lift surgery by a specialist, the risk decreases a lot.
Damage to the nerves can cause motor functions in the area to fail. At the same time, numbness can develop. This complication is encountered in one of every thousand applications. However, almost all of the cases experienced suffer temporary nerve damage.
There are some points to be considered in order for recovery to be fast and smooth after successful operation is completed. Thanks to the utmost care for these issues, it is possible to achieve improvement in shorter periods than usual. Changes can be seen in these aspects depending on the nature of the operation, the intervention area and the stitches taken after the operation. It is best to get information about these issues by your doctor before you are discharged from the hospital.
After the operation, attention should be paid to the face and seam areas, as well as the rest of the scalp. The use of chemical soaps should be cut off completely, and be careful and soft when combing the hair. In addition, the body and especially the face area should be protected from sun rays. The solarium is strictly prohibited. Even if going to the sun, sun creams must be used. It is recommended to use sunscreens for another six months after the stitches are removed.
After the operation, a large incision is made, which starts from the front of the ear and occasionally folds behind the ear, on the scalp. Then, this incision area is closed with aesthetic sutures. Since the stitches usually remain in the area until the tenth day, great care should be taken in the shower. It is helpful to avoid contact of the head with water for the first four days. As of the fourth day, it is possible to contact the area with water upon the permission of the doctor. It is necessary to avoid using too hot or too cold water while taking a shower. Warm water and non-chemical cleaners should be used, and after the shower is completed, all moisture in the area should be removed. In order to ensure hygiene, it will be useful to sterilize the area to be showered before showering.
One week after the operation, there is no need to take extra care during showering.
One of the risks that may arise after face lifting operations is infection. If the infection occurs, the recovery period is very long. Maximum attention should be paid to hygiene rules to prevent infection development and the area should also be maintained regularly.
After the operation, the use of public environments should be discontinued for two weeks. The shower area should be sterilized. Places such as pool, sea, sauna should be avoided. Also, dressings need to be renewed every day or every two days in the facial area.
Even if there is no intervention on sexuality with the operation, it will be useful to stay away from sexuality for about two weeks. Protection of the area from blows and other trauma elements after the operation, the body should not be too tired during the healing process. The only way to achieve this is to avoid sexual intercourse at least until the stitches are removed.
Exercises that require intense effort for a month after the operation should be avoided. After removing the stitches, it is possible to return to light exercises. Generally, walking and jogging exercises are recommended. Hair, scalp and face area should be protected from all kinds of trauma while doing sports exercises.
Smoking is forbidden as well as before the operation. It was observed that healing was prolonged in cases of heavy smoking, tissue damage and skin and hair loss. If possible, smoking should be completely discontinued. If it cannot be released, it should not be resumed for at least six months. Alcohol can be consumed on the condition of not exaggerating from the end of the first month.
The healing process is a bit long after face lifting operations. In addition, various expected effects occur in the facial region. The length and comfort of the recovery period is related to how much care the patient takes after the operation and the surgeon’s expertise. The type of operation and the intervention region also affect the healing process. Through the process:
– The patient is hospitalized one day after the operation and depending on the situation, blood values and other indicators are closely monitored.
– After the risk of bleeding disappears on the day after the operation, the drain placed is removed.
– During the three days following the completion of the operation, edema formation and swelling are observed in the areas close to the sutures, especially the sutures.
– The bumps start to decrease gradually starting from the third or fourth day. As the swelling starts to decrease, bruises occur.
– The bruises and rashes that begin to disappear from the tenth day and disappear completely within a week.
– Strong painkillers are used to suppress the pain and pain sensation after the operation. These problems disappear after the stitches are removed.
– There is no problem for the patient to return to his desk job from the second week. From the first month, he can return to other jobs.